At Ukraine’s largest art museum, a race to protect heritage
By Bernat Armangue
LVIV, Ukraine (AP) — The director of Ukraine’s largest art museum roamed its halls, supervising staff who tidied up its collections to protect their national heritage in the event of a Russian invasion advance west.
In a partially empty gallery of the Andrey Sheptytsky National Museum, employees placed baroque pieces neatly packed in cardboard boxes. A few meters away, a group descended the majestic main staircase bearing a giant sacred work of art, the 18th-century Bohorodchany iconostasis.
“Sometimes the tears come because a lot of work has been put in here. It takes time, energy. You do something good, you feel happy. Today you see empty walls, so it’s bitter, sad. We didn’t believe until the last minute that this could happen,” museum director general Ihor Kozhan said on Friday.
The doors to the museum in the western city of Lviv have been closed since Russia’s war with Ukraine began on February 24, and heritage sites across the country are under threat as the fighting continues. Korzhan said he receives daily calls from other European cultural institutions offering to help as he and his staff strive to preserve the museum’s works.
Anna Naurobska, head of the manuscripts and rare books department, said she still does not know where to safely store the collection of more than 12,000 items packed in boxes.
The process of relocation and the fear that the collection would be in danger in the event of an attack on the city overwhelms her.
“It’s our story; it is our life. It is very important for us,” Naurobska said.
She walked into another room and held up a huge tome, tears forming in her eyes. “It’s a Russian book,” she said, putting it back on the shelf. “I’m so angry.”
Like the museum, other sites in Lviv rush to protect works of artistic or cultural significance. The windows of the Museum of the History of Religions are almost empty. Workers assemble metal containers in the patio to safely store leftover items before placing them in basements. At the Latin Cathedral, the sculptures were covered with cardboard, foam and plastic to protect them from possible shrapnel.
Amid bare walls and shrouded statues, Kozhan lamented the empty museum, which has survived two world wars.
“The museum must live. People have to be there, and first of all the children. They have to learn the basics of their culture,” he said.